Our ability to comprehend certain colors depends on if our language has a word for that color!
Language is a human invention and a pretty powerful thing. It’s so powerful that it can literally affect the way we see the world.
For example, the rainbow is broken up into neat, individual colors. In reality, colors seamlessly transition from one to the next.
We put labels on different colors to help us describe the world, but it’s not an exact science. For example, there are many languages that don’t distinguish blue from green.
There are no colors between them on the rainbow, so it’s not a huge stretch. They are just considered different shades of the same color.
Things get a little more interesting when you take someone who knows green and blue as different and someone who knows them as the same and ask them about the colors.
People who distinguished between the two colors actually saw them as more different than someone who saw them as different shades of the same color. In other words, having a name for “blue” makes it stand out more from green.
The effect is slight, but it’s there.