The border between Bangladesh and India is so complex that part of each country rests in the other!
Border agreements between countries are often pretty complicated.
However, none are as head-scratchingly confusing as the territory arrangement between India and Bangladesh.
Like most nations of the world, India and Bangladesh share a common border. In addition to this, though, the two countries have a number of ‘enclaves’ within each other.
This means that the government of Bangladesh owns portions of land located completely inside India, while India owns similar lands in Bangladesh.
According to legend, these enclaves were created when two old kings, the Maharaja of Rangpur and the Raja of Koch Bihar, used them as wagers in a high-stakes game of some sort. However, historical records show that these border disputes were created by a confusing treaty between the Mughal Empire and Koch Bihar.
In total, India owns 106 enclaves and Bangladesh owns 92. The Prime Ministers of both countries are working to fix these border disputes.
Other countries own enclaves as well, though not nearly to the degree of India and Bangladesh. For example, Vatican City is an enclave located inside Rome.